Main Irrigation Functions and Methods.
The process through which water is applied to plants through controlled amounts is referred as irrigation. The water is availed at the plants in intervals since the irrigation process requires proper handling and wastage free process. In areas where rain water is not sufficient, irrigation is the common option of growing plants. Apart from growing agricultural products, irrigation is also majorly used in landscape maintenance.
Under agricultural purposes, irrigation is used to reduce growth of weed. Soil hardness and improper firmness can be greatly reduced through use of irrigation. Irrigation is mainly applied in the agricultural and crop production, but it is also used in livestock production for cooling livestock bodies. Irrigation helps reduce and control dust. Irrigation in mining can be done to soften the rocks and also reduce the dust in the mining areas. Irrigation is purposeful in carrying out sewage disposal. Irrigation can be seen as a way of drainage since it can be done in order to eradicate water from a certain surface.
Irrigation has been used in many countries throughout the world in different social cultures and hence different ways of usage. Many countries have had use of irrigation in maintaining crop production to ensure self-sustaining production of food. Irrigation has been greatly used in desert and semi-desert countries throughout a large period of time. The practice of irrigation have also developed throughout the ages due to the rise in irrigation technology. Through the efficient technology, countries are using their available resources that is the water bodies to supply water to the dry parts of the country.
The types of irrigation depends on the method of water supply to the crops. The consumption needs of the plants determines the amount of water to be supplied. Some plants vary in the consumption level including plants that entirely require water for growth like rice and sugarcane. Among the oldest type of irrigation is the surface irrigation. Water is supplied to the cultivated land through use of furrows. Maximum saturation of the soil makes this type of irrigation cause flooding. Countries with sufficient and large water bodies mainly use the surface irrigation.
Another famous mode of irrigation is the micro irrigation which can also be referred as the trickle irrigation. There is the use of pipes and water is distributed in low amounts at a certain pattern. Sprinklers and spraying equipment are used to carry out drip irrigation and is common to small plants that have low water consumption rate. Whilst offering equipment and irrigation suggestions and schemes, irrigation in Yakima can be termed as one of the successful irrigation entities and locations.