The Best Medical Decontamination Service Providers
Decontamination involves the process of cleansing a substance or object to remove hazardous material including infectious diseases, radioactive substances and chemicals. Noxious contaminants results to the risk of threatening the health of human beings or animals and may damage the environment. Veterinary science, surgery and dentistry are the medical areas in which decontamination is applied.
Food preparation, environmental science and forensic science are the other areas in which the process of decontamination is applied. There are three levels of decontamination in order to eliminate pathogens or other substances from a spoiled implement. The three levels include disinfection, sterilization and sanitization.
Anti -microbial agents that are applied to the surface of nonliving objects in order to destroy microorganisms that are present in living things are known as disinfectants. The resistant bacterial spores are not killed by disinfection spores but other types of microorganism are eliminated. The process of disinfection also is less effective than sterilization which is an extreme physical chemical process that kill all types of microorganisms. Microorganisms are eliminated by the process of disinfection through destroying the cell wall of microbes or interfering with their metabolism.
Alcohols, aldehydes, air disinfectants, oxidizing agents, phenolics, quaternary ammonium compounds , inorganic compounds and others are the various types of disinfectants. Inorganic compounds are types of disinfectants which have sub categories and they include; chlorine, acids and bases, terpenes, metals and iodine.Quaternary compounds are a large group of related compounds in which some have concentrated formulations.A large group of related compounds which have concentrated formulations are quaternary ammonium compounds. Chlorine, hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite are a group of aquoes solution that belong to chlorine an inorganic compound.
In the process of decontamination there are several methods that are involved and they are; physical cleaning, disinfection, antisepsis, sterilization, ultrasonic cleaning and water purification. Water purification is the process of removing undesirable chemicals, suspended solids and gases and biological contaminants from water. Usually drinking water is disinfected for the purpose of human consumption and water purification aids in these.
The following applications that is industrial, medical, pharmacological and chemical are requirements that are fulfilled by water purification. Physical methods in water purification include sedimentation, filtration and distillation while chemical methods are flocculation and chlorination while finally biological procesess include biologically actiave carbon or slow sand filters.
When water is purified the concentration of particulate matter which includes parasites, bacteria, algae, viruses, fungi and suspended particles are reduced as well as the concentration range of dissolved and particulate matter. Sterilization is a method and level of decontamination which refers to any process that removes or eliminates, deactivates or kills all forms of life and any other biological agents like fungi, bacteria, viruses, unicellular organisms that are present in a specified region such as the volume of a fluid, medication or in a compound that is culture media. In order to achieve sterilization then heating, irradiation, filtration and high pressure are used.